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General vaccination/immunisation information for immunisation providers

Australia

The following Australian websites may be of use to immunisation professionals seeking supplementary information on vaccines, vaccine preventable diseases and immunisation programs.

Immunise Australia
This website contains information regarding immunisation schedules, immunisation programs, fact sheets for parents (available in 15 languages), fact sheets for providers, links to other relevant Commonwealth Health sites such as Medicare and ADRAC.

In addition, the following key publications can be accessed through the Immunise Australia website:


Communicable Diseases Intelligence
This quarterly publication contains a number of immunisation related reports, including updates regarding coverage data from the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register, published reports regarding annual adverse events following immunisation and vaccine preventable diseases vaccine coverage reports.

State and Territory Health websites:


Immunisation catch-up calculator
The Department of Human Services, South Australia, has developed and maintains the immunisation catch-up calculator which helps providers to determine which vaccines are due for children aged less than 7 years who are behind with their immunisations.

International

The following links to international websites may be of use to immunisation providers. Please be aware while accessing information contained in these international websites that many countries use different vaccine formulations and quite different schedules to those recommended in Australia.

The World Health Organization's web site contains a comprehensive section about vaccines entitled "Vaccines, Immunization and Biologicals". The "Statistics, Maps and Charts" link on this page contains tables, charts and maps with information about 219 countries, including their vaccination schedules.

The World Health Organization's website also contains a section entitled "The Weekly Epidemiological Record (WER)". The WER is an instrument for the rapid and accurate dissemination of epidemiological information on cases and outbreaks of diseases under the International Health Regulations and on other communicable diseases of public health importance, including the newly emerging or re-emerging infections.

The American Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Immunization Program provides comprehensive information on diseases that vaccines can prevent, the importance of immunisation, vaccine safety, and educational resources.

GAVI – the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (formerly the Global Fund for Children's Vaccines) is an alliance committed to saving children's lives and people's health through the use of vaccines. Established in 1999, its partners include international organisations (WHO, UNICEF, the World Bank Group), governments of developing and industrialised countries, research institutions, the vaccine industry and major philanthropists (the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation). It aims to motivate national governments to secure a more promising future for their children, and stimulates the vaccine industry to develop and supply vaccines to low-income countries.

The American Society for Infectious Diseases has a science-based page to explain the value of each vaccine, as well as research that separates real side effects from disproved claims.

Other countries' immunisation handbooks can be accessed via the following websites:

Vaccine safety

Australia

The Immunise Australia website has a section "Managing serious adverse events following immunisation" which provides information for immunisation service providers.

The Therapeutic Goods Administration website provides information on how to report an adverse event following immunisation.

Jurisdictions within Australia with enhanced adverse events surveillance systems are Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia.

International

The World Health Organization's website contains a comprehensive section about immunisation safety that provides easy access to up-to-date factual information, global policies, best practices and resource documents, including training and communication material, in the area of immunisation.

Johns Hopkins: Institute for Vaccine Safety
This site has up-to-date links to news stories and resources related to 'vaccine issues' (for anthrax, smallpox, hepatitis B, Lyme disease, etc) and 'vaccine information', including reports from the Institute of Medicine, a thimerosal table, and links to package inserts/manufacturer sites.

Brighton Collaboration
This international collaboration aims to “develop globally accepted and implemented standardised case definitions of adverse events following immunisation”. The site offers useful publications, slide presentations, and other resources of potential interest to infectious diseases specialists.

The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia Vaccine Education Center provides a number of resources regarding vaccine safety including videos, ‘frequently asked questions’, ‘hot topics’, and ‘A look at each vaccine’, which describes the disease that each vaccine is preventing, how the vaccine is made, and side effects of each vaccine. The Vaccine Education Center is staffed by a team of scientists, physicians, mothers and fathers.

The Canadian Coalition for Immunization Awareness and Promotion (CCIAP) is a partnership of national non-governmental, professional health, consumer, government and private sector organisations.
The CCIAP website offers a range of resources including publications, policy statements, a bi-monthly newsletter, and links to outside web-based references.

The Childhood Immunization Support Program (CISP) is implemented by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) in partnership with the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The CISP website provides immunisation information and resources to paediatricians, healthcare professionals and families. The site includes resources developed by AAP, including a section of 'Frequently asked questions for parents' and video clips about vaccine preventable diseases.
The AAP is a not-for-profit corporation organised for scientific and educational purposes. Members include paediatricians and other paediatric medical specialists.

The Immunisation Advisory Centre (IMAC) is a non-government organisation based at the School of Population Health at The University of Auckland in New Zealand.
The IMAC website provides independent and factual information, including benefits and risks regarding immunisation and vaccine preventable disease, for the public, health professionals, government agencies and media. The information provided is based on international and New Zealand medical research and is supported by a large network of health professionals.

The Immunization Action Coalition website was launched in 1994 and is one of the oldest sources of immunisation information on the internet. The site offers many free print resources for health professionals and the public. Sections on about 18 vaccine preventable diseases include links to related journal articles, recommendations, organisations, photos, video footage, case reports, and resources. The site includes a large 'Vaccine concerns' section with links to related journal articles. Vaccine Information Statements, information sheets that explain the benefits and risks of a vaccine, are available in more than 30 languages.

The National Network for Immunization Information (NNii) website features information on diseases prevented through immunisation, background on vaccine development and vaccine safety, and essays on topics such as herd immunity. The site also includes a database of NNii’s electronic news service articles, collected from more than 1300 daily newspapers, wire services, news and health journals.
It is a service provided by Immunizations for Public Health, a Texas-based non-profit corporation.

PATH (Program for Appropriate Technology in Health) is an international non-profit organisation dedicated to health technologies tailored to low-resource settings, helping governments strengthen public health systems and helping individuals protect themselves and their families against disease.
PATH's Vaccine Resource Library is a comprehensive listing of technically accurate, up-to-date materials on general immunisation topics such as injection safety and health worker training, as well as in-depth resources on vaccine preventable diseases. Resource listings are gathered by PATH, and include resources from global health partners including the World Health Organization, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, UNICEF, the GAVI Alliance, and many others.

The Public Health Agency of Canada is a federal agency working in collaboration with Canada’s provinces and territories to support the public health system in Canada.
The agency's website includes an immunisation section that features links to the Canadian Immunization Guide, vaccine safety questions and answers, National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI) recommendations, immunisation schedules and more.

The National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD) is a program of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), located in Atlanta, USA. The CDC website provides credible vaccine and immunisation information, including an extensive vaccine safety section and links to many resources including patient education and training materials.

Vaccines/Immunisation for specific groups

The Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing also provides some information on Indigenous immunisation programs. View the publication Vaccination for Our Mob.

National Asthma Council of Australia
The National Asthma Council of Australia produces a number of brochures discussing the recommended vaccines for people with asthma.

The South Australian Department of Health produces a brochure on vaccination and pregnancy.

The US Advisory Council on Immunization Practices has published a number of documents regarding pregnancy and immunisation:

The National Institute for Clinical Studies has a number of resources for people who have a medical condition that places them at increased risk of complications following influenza.